Kidney Stones: Part 1

Posted On Oct 14, 2022 |

About kidney stones.

Definition: Kidney stones are those salts and minerals which do not get dissolved and are rigidly textured of various sizes, that develop in the kidneys. It is really very painful when the stone passes via the urinary tract.

Causes: When urine is consisting of more crystal-forming elements like calcium and uric acid as compared to the volume of liquid, which could dilute it.

Symptoms: Usually there is no significant symptoms come into play unless the stone changes its position either inside the kidneys or moves to the passage connecting the kidneys and urinary bladder.

Once a stone gets stuck in the passage connecting the kidneys and the urinary bladder, it starts obstructing in the flow of urine, and swelling in the kidneys starts taking place. It is painful often.

Following are some indicators of a kidney stone:

Change in colour of urine.

Cloudy or odd-smelling urine.

Urge to urinate more than normal.

Vomiting and Nausea

Fever in case of any infection.

Types of Kidney Stones:

Calcium Stones: It is seen very commonly that calcium stone formation takes place in the form of calcium oxalate. It is a substance made by the liver or comes through diet. The high amount of vitamin D through oral medication or any metabolic dysfunction can cause the increment of calcium oxalate which later turns into kidney stones.

Struvite Stones: It is formed due to UTI and at a high pace without any significant symptoms. Its size could be large.

Uric Acid Stones: Chronic diarrhea is responsible for uric acid stones because it causes the loss of too much fluid from the body.

Crystine Stones: Hereditary disorders are responsible for these stones. A high amount of specific amino acid excretion takes place.

Categories: Blood Pressure, Kidney, kidney stones

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